The America's Cup traces its roots to August 1851 when an upstart schooner named America sailed past the Royal Yacht to win the 100 Pound Cup in a race around England's Isle of Wight. More than a simple boat race, this triumph of the New York Yacht Club (NYYC) over the Royal Yacht Squadron symbolized a great victory for the new world over the old.
The trophy was renamed the America's Cup after the winning schooner and was donated to the NYYC under the terms of the Deed of Gift, which made it available for perpetual international competition.
The America's Cup, affectionately called "Auld Mug," is considered by many to be the most difficult trophy to win in the world of sports. Since the first race more than 160 years ago, only four nations have captured what is often called "the oldest trophy in international sport." In fact before the first modern Olympic Games were held in Athens in 1896, there had already been nine America's Cup contests.
The trophy remained with the New York Yacht Club until 1983, when the Royal Perth Yacht Club, represented by the yacht Australia II, prevailed, ending the long winning streak.
In 1987, the San Diego Yacht Club, represented by the challenger Stars & Stripes 87, brought the trophy back to the United States. In subsequent contests, the Cup has been won by New Zealand (1995, 2000) and Switzerland (2003, 2007). It returned to the USA in 2010 with the successful challenge by Golden Gate Yacht Club.
In 2013, Golden Gate Yacht Club staged a successful defence in a come-from-behind victory against the Royal New Zealand Yacht Club. ORACLE TEAM USA won eight races in a row to win the 34th America's Cup with nine points to New Zealand's eight, the longest match on record.
In 2017, in the Great Sound of Bermuda, Golden Gate Yacht Club will defend its trophy in the 35th America's Cup Match presented by Louis Vuitton.
For more on the history and background of the America's Cup, please visit the America's Cup website.
The winner of the 35th America's Cup in Bermuda will be awarded the oldest trophy in international sport, one that predates the modern Olympics by 45 years. The esteemed Cup, referred to as "she," has a story as intriguing as the race itself.
- The America's Cup was crafted in 1848 by London-based Robert Garrard & Co, the royal jeweler since 1735.
- Originally known as the £100Cup, the trophy was mistakenly engraved as the 100 Guinea Cup by the America syndicate.
- In 1851, the yacht America beat the British in a race around the Isle of Wight and henceforth the trophy became known as The America's Cup, after the winning yacht.
- The Cup was donated to the New York Yacht Club (NYYC) under the terms of the Deed of Gift, which made it available for perpetual international competition.
- She is made of the highest quality sterling silver and is never touched by human hands, only agents wearing museum-quality white cotton gloves.
- Once in 1852, the Cup was almost melted down into medallions for the members of the winning team.
- In 1997 in New Zealand, a Maori activist attacked the trophy with a sledgehammer. She was repaired by Robert Garrard of London and now travels with 2 highly trained security protection agents.
- The names of each of the 34 winning teams are engraved on the trophy, as well as the race course length, winning time and location, and yacht club.
- The trophy originally stood 27 inches high, but to accommodate the growing list of winners, two bases have been added, increasing her height to 44 inches.
- The trophy weighs approx. 32.4 lbs.
- ORACLE RACING, winner of the 33rd America's Cup, replaced the trophy's simple wooden base with one made of the same carbon fiber as their yacht, USA 17.
- When it is not being shown to the public, the Cup is kept in a non-disclosed location.
- The America's Cup trophy travels around the world in a custom-designed Louis Vuitton case, which was made and presented to her for her 150th birthday.
- She flies in business and/or first class wherever she goes and is enrolled in many frequent flyer programs.